Despite the high-profile nature of class action lawsuits, the vast majority of securities litigation continues to arise from the sale and purchase of securities by either individual investors or single or small groups of institutional investors. We defend issuers, underwriters, financial institutions, private equity firms, hedge funds, and accounting firms in securities litigations under the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the Investment Company Act of 1940, RICO, and state law. We also have prosecuted securities litigation on behalf of financial institutions, companies, and individuals.